Everyone dreams of a healthy Hollywood smile that will drive others crazy, give self-confidence and relieve the fear of talking openly or laughing in society. However, it is difficult to find a man or woman who does not have dental problems. For some, they appear in childhood, and for others already in adulthood. However, for everyone, the question is relevant: what causes teeth deterioration, and how to keep them healthy for as long as possible?
Professional doctors of dentistry “Dentika” note that there are factors that directly affect the safety and quality of dentition. Among them: are heredity, oral hygiene, past injuries, bad habits, lifestyle, and so on. Some causes depend on the person himself and can be controlled by timely prevention, while others are not amenable to influence. Let’s analyze each of them in more detail.
Why and from what teeth deterioration in adults – reasons
Wear of dentition is a natural physiological process. Over the years, the enamel becomes thinner, which increases the vulnerability to various kinds of damage and negative factors. In addition, by the age of 40-45, most men and women already have a “bouquet” of chronic diseases, surgeries, injuries, and other conditions that, in the aggregate, hurt the oral cavity.
It is possible to neutralize the ongoing negative processes. To do this, it is necessary not to ignore the daily proper care, thorough hygiene, and periodic visits to the dental office, even if nothing hurts or bothers. It is also important to eat well, adhering to a balanced diet rich in vitamins and minerals.
Deterioration Chronic diseases
If we consider what causes teeth deterioration, the most common cause is caries. If you do not treat it promptly, this can lead you to the surgeon’s office. First, the lesion develops on the surface, then it penetrates deeper and damages the nerve.
Also, damage to the dentition is provoked by the following conditions:
- Diabetes. In this situation, periodontitis develops first, which leads to the gradual destruction of the entire jaw system and premature loss of teeth. This is because in the body the normal course of the exchange of mineral substances, micro-, and macroelements is disrupted, calcium and fluorine are gradually washed out, and the compounds that come with the products are not absorbed properly. As a result, the enamel becomes thinner and it is much easier for bacteria to penetrate the internal cavity.
- Osteoporosis. It is a mistake to assume that the disease affects only the spine. Other bones also suffer, including the jaw. The reason in this case is the lack of, which acts as the main “building material” of the skeletal system. During the development of the condition, the tissues are affected by the periodontium, which leads to damage to the gums, they become loose and soft. As a result, the roots of damaged teeth are exposed, and pathogenic bacteria are immediately introduced into this area.
- Hypertension. For its therapy, in the predominant number of cases, drugs have been prescribed that lead to dryness of the oral cavity. As a result, saliva cannot cope with pathogenic microorganisms, they begin to multiply at an intense pace, damaging the enamel in the process and significantly increasing the risk of developing caries.
- Gastritis. With this disease, the composition of gastric juice changes dramatically, and its acidity increases significantly. This leads to problems with the absorption of such important elements as calcium and phosphorus. And already as a result of their shortage, the density of enamel is reduced.
- Rachiocampsis. This condition provokes incorrect closing of the jaw bones, which spoils the teeth, leading to their abrasion and loosening.
- Metabolic disorders. The body as whole and individual organs, systems in particular do not receive vitamins, micro-, and macroelements in the required amount. One of the consequences is damage to the dentition.
Deterioration Improper nutrition
What we eat has a direct impact on health and can prevent or, conversely, contribute to the development of dental problems. At the moment, dentists are unanimous in the opinion that the most fraught with excessive consumption of carbohydrates, especially foods high in sugar. If your diet is dominated by sugar-containing foods, you can forget about a natural, completely healthy smile.
In order not to wonder: what to do and how to live with very bad teeth, Dentika dentistry doctors recommend including in the diet:
- Milk, meat, fish. They contain a lot of protein, the lack of which adversely affects the accumulation of calcium in the body.
- Carrots, seafood, radishes, buckwheat. This group allows you to replenish the required amount of fluorine, which has a positive effect on the resistance of enamel to various pathogenic microorganisms.
- Fruits, nuts. They are natural sources of calcium and strengthen the structure of dentition.
Patients often ask what foods spoil their teeth. As mentioned above, the most dangerous is the high sugar content. In addition, it is necessary to minimize sticky and viscous food. These are various kinds of chocolate bars, toffee, and caramel. They slowly destroy the jaw system, which increases the risk of several pathological conditions. The listed food sticks and is practically not washed off with saliva, which creates favorable conditions for the development of caries and the reproduction of bacteria. And it is better to completely give up or reduce carbonated drinks in the diet as much as possible. Also, if we consider foods that spoil the teeth, it is worth mentioning canned fruits. They do not store vitamins and nutrients, but there is 2-3 times more sugar than in fresh ones.
Improper hygiene practices
Regular oral hygiene is the main condition for maintaining a beautiful smile. Cleaning should be done at least twice a day: in the morning and before bedtime, and Dentika dentistry doctors recommend adding additional steps to exercise and using a thread, irrigator, and rinse aid.
In addition, you need to take care of the following points:
- Choice of toothpaste and brush. Consider the current condition of the gums and the entire oral cavity.
- Change cleaning accessories at least once every 3-4 months.
- Do not ignore the cleansing of the cheeks and tongue, as pathogenic bacteria also accumulate on them.
Studies have shown that men and women who do not neglect high-quality hygiene are less likely to suffer from periodontal disease and gingivitis.
If you’re looking for reasons why a person has bad teeth, parents may be the answer. We are talking about dental heredity, which almost always manifests itself in children both at an early age and in adulthood. Genes determine not only the presence of a particular disease but also a predisposition to it. “Inheritance” in this case determines the following factors: the shape of the jaw system, structure, and metabolism (which, in turn, directly affects the development of caries).
The results of the research suggest that if both mom and dad had carious lesions on the upper dentition, the child will have it weaker. The second conclusion is as follows: if the mother’s front or back teeth have deteriorated, then in 91% of the case the child will have dental problems.
Lifestyle and micronutrient deficiencies
Activity in general directly affects the state of the whole organism. Many professional athletes, hockey players, and boxers face frequent injuries to the oral cavity, which leads to damage and defects. As a result, the teeth loosen, and their position is disturbed.
Hypovitaminosis, a lack of micro-macroelements and vitamins, lead to such negative consequences as bleeding gums. To replenish the required amount of substances, Dentika dentistry doctors recommend taking synthetic preparations regularly, covering the daily allowance. The prescription will be written by the doctor at reception after a detailed examination.
This problem is noted in most adults, however, people with the most pronounced anomalies seek qualified treatment. This situation is extremely wrong since the subsequent pathology leads to:
- Not the same distribution of the load on the chewing units during chewing. Some areas have double pressure, while others are not fully involved. As a result, dental tissue deterioration explains the poor condition of the front and back teeth.
- The chewing activity is reduced, since not all areas are involved. High-quality chewing dictates the need to close the jaws. But with the wrong bite, pain, and discomfort occur. As a result, soft tissues and jaw bones are damaged.
Also one of the consequences is periodontitis. In other cases, bruxism develops (uncontrolled grinding, creaking).
Deterioration Bad habits
First of all, it is smoking and frequent drinking. They contain a large amount of nicotine and alcohol, which adversely affects the composition of saliva (its acidity increases). As a result, the enamel is destroyed, and micropores and cracks form in the dentin.
Do not underestimate chewing laziness, which implies a reluctance to eat solid foods. Refusal of food, which needs careful long-term chewing, leads to a violation of the processes of self-cleaning of the oral cavity. The result is damage to the periodontium and the development of caries.
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The opposite is the habit of cracking nuts with your teeth, opening jars, and frequent use of toothpicks. These and other mechanical damages lead to the destruction of the row.
Abrasion of the enamel layer
This is a natural process, one of the companions of physiological aging. Enamel covers the crown of the tooth and is the hardest tissue in the body. Its main function is to protect against chemical, physical and biological damage. If you are wondering why your teeth are Deterioration badly and what to do, most likely you have already begun to lose enamel.
A distinctive feature of tissue is that it does not have living cells. That is, if the enamel layer is worn off, it will not be restored. The first signals are found after 40-45 years: an increase in sensitivity, an increase in the incidence of caries, and a deterioration in the color of the rows.
Thinning of the mucous membrane
The older the person, the less elastic, smooth, and thick this tissue is. As a result, she does not cope with protection from negative factors in the same way. It follows from this that older people ask why teeth began to deteriorate sharply. In particular, with age, infectious diseases develop more often, and scratches and small wounds appear, which now heal much longer and more difficult than in youth. The most common pathology caused by problems with the mucosa is candidiasis.
Reducing the activity of the salivary glands
Saliva is one of the fundamental elements for maintaining a healthy mouth. Its functions are to wash away food debris, saturate the enamel with vitamins, minerals, and micro- and macroelements, fight pathogenic microorganisms, and restrain the development of microflora.
Aging leads to a gradual degeneration of saliva production, which increases the risk of gum disease and cavities.
What to do to keep your mouth healthy
Above, we examined the reasons why teeth Deterioration. Now let’s talk about the measures that Dentika dentists recommend to maintain a beautiful natural smile:
- Don’t forget about regular hygiene. Clean at least twice a day. At least 1-2 p. during the day, preferably after eating, use floss to remove food debris and microorganisms from the spaces between the teeth.
- If you experience dry mouth, buy sugar-free lozenges and suck them often, and rinse with warm, clean water. This will increase saliva production. If the condition does not improve, and the discomfort only increases, contact your dentist immediately, as the cause may be in a more serious disease or in the medications you are taking.
- If you wear dentures and crowns, buy an irrigator. This device is also useful in chronic inflammation of the gums. The main task of the equipment is to form a water jet, which is then supplied under pressure. This method of cleaning is much more effective, it allows you to process even the gum pockets and areas around the installed artificial structures.
- Replace your regular toothbrush with an electric one. It is much easier and more convenient to use, which will make the cleaning process more efficient.
- Make it a rule to visit the dental office at least once every 6-7 months. Do not wait until the wisdom tooth begins to deteriorate or another pathology develops. This will allow you to identify the problem in the early stages, which will make treatment much easier and faster.
Start doing professional cleaning every six months to a year. This is an excellent prevention of a wide range of dental diseases.
- Establish nutrition, and make a balanced diet rich in vitamins, minerals, and micro and macro elements. Reduce or eliminate acidic, sticky, and sugary foods as much as possible.
- Get rid of bad habits. Smoking and alcoholic beverages increase the risk of developing caries, as well as inflammatory processes in the gums.
So, we analyzed the answers to the question of why and because of what the teeth began to deteriorate, crumble, wear out, and also considered the causes of this phenomenon. You can avoid the problem if you follow the recommendations presented in the article.