Restoration of the jaw, increasing the aesthetic appeal, and replacing damaged areas of the masticatory organs, is usually performed by a qualified doctor. However, to make the right decisions, the patient must know: what materials, types of prosthetics and designs exist for removable and permanent dentures in dentistry.
You should know that you need to visit the doctor twice a year, and not when everything starts to hurt in your mouth. Pain is a direct sign that caries is developing with other complicating diseases, chips, cracks, and other damage appear that require immediate intervention. Timely prevention prevents bacterial development, allows you to find the problem at an early stage, and prevent large-scale destruction. Everyone should understand: that neglect of the advice presented leads to the development of big problems.
What is a denture? It is an artificial implant that replaces living bone. They are divided into the following types: removable, non-removable, and partially removable. To choose the right one, it is necessary to diagnose damage to the teeth, and determine the method of treatment.
Only a dentist can prescribe certain actions (operations) in the oral cavity. Self-medication is more likely to only harm and provoke a worsening of the situation.
Used after the loss of a large number of living teeth. The main feature of such prostheses is the ability to independently remove and put on at home.
This type of prosthetics solves two problems:
- Restores a section of the row – an acrylic or nylon implant is fixed on living abutment teeth (important requirements for the constituent components: lightness and strength).
- Restores occlusion with complete edentulism – small implants are installed in the oral cavity, they are the basis for the moving part. Two years later, after the onset of alveolar atrophy, the entire masticatory area needs to be replaced (discomfort or pain may appear).
Fixed type of dental prostheses
- The metal-ceramic construction is expensive and durable; in terms of aesthetic indicators, it has 100% similarity with the original, living units.
- The metal base is strong enough, but it does not look so beautiful.
- Ceramics – looks expensive, loses in the long run.
- Zirconium dioxide is a modern component, enhanced by ceramic components (it is often used, but the human body can reject it).
- Plastic is fragile, short-lived (up to 5 years), used only for small loads, and unstable color spoils the aesthetics (dignity – cheapness).
Fixed prostheses evenly distribute pressure on the jaw, contribute to the preservation of speech without defects, preserve beauty for a long time, and strengthen the resistance of the oral cavity to external damage.
The main disadvantage of this approach is an expensive installation, possible pain during the operation, and exacerbation of allergic reactions. Before making such a choice, you should consult with a qualified dentist.
To learn everything about dental prosthetics, varieties, and features, you can sign up for a consultation through the Dentika clinic website.
The patient can independently remove the jaw restored with the help of such a prosthesis, or apply for these manipulations to the dentist. The method is used where bridge orthopedics is powerless and there are contraindications to it.
The advantages include ease of use, reliable fastening, increased durability, beautiful aesthetics, and the exclusion of any deformation.
The complexity of the installation of such systems, the high cost due to the addition of additional procedures, the care of the mechanism requires regular visits to the doctor, and every year the clamps must be replaced – are the disadvantages of this method.
Types of implants
Classification by type of use is not the only thing to consider when carrying out such work. Quality and durability depend on the materials for removable and permanent dentures.
A complex system is attached to supporting (intact) elements. It consists of clasps with special tabs on which artificial implants are fixed.
Bridges are divided into separate groups according to their components: plastic, cermet, ceramics, and metal. The last three materials should be highlighted due to their beauty, good strength, and durability.
In the absence of contraindications, the inner part of the root is made of zirconium dioxide. Durable, and resistant to the aggressive environment of the oral cavity, the material completely imitates enamel.
Only a dentist can determine the appropriateness of applying this approach, based on individual components: the tolerance of various substances and the characteristics of the jaw, including the force and shape of the bite.
Metal connects living tissues with a future artificial organ. Found only in non-removable versions. The rods serve as a reliable fastening for mounting.
Capital, with a neat appearance, anti-allergic, durable – implants lose only in terms of cost, rehabilitation process, and contraindications (for example, weak gums).
A complex design that requires a careful approach to insertion and operation. It got its name because it resembled an insect and is used only for fragmentary restoration. It is attached to adjacent teeth, therefore it cannot be used in case of complete or partial loss.
Simple and cheap to install, they have a short lifespan and cause some discomfort to their owner.
Save the root while restoring the outside. The solution allows you to extend the life of natural teeth, and stands out with the following advantages:
- Fully similar to a real cutter (impossible to distinguish).
- Effective where fillings and extensions do not work.
- Uniform load distribution contributes to the preservation of neighboring elements.
- The bridge prosthesis allows you to simultaneously restore the bite.
- There are practically no side effects.
Any damage to the root prohibits the use of the “crown”. Turning a whole part is a complex job that should be carried out by a qualified specialist.
Stainless steel (nichrome) is used to make the frame. According to the principle of treatment and application, it is completely similar to plastic options.
The system is attached to the supporting parts with the help of locks. Implants can be used, which allows the use of a clasp with complete loss of teeth. It preserves the taste buds, and the prosthesis is very reliable due to the locking fixation.
This type should be carefully determined for use – it has contraindications due to the metal insert, and the frame is visible to others.
The jaw is divided into two components (upper and lower plates). The removable base is attached to the gums through suction cups, the cost of which depends on the quality of the components.
Easy to manufacture with a low price, and the ability to use with extensive lesions – cause great discomfort (increased load on the alveoli, may fall out), there are side effects, and short service life. In the laboratory, the model is recreated for each person according to a unique cast.
It makes no sense to choose expensive components for plates, as the model wears out quickly.
A hybrid that has collected all the best from the clasp and lamellar types of prosthetics. Without fragments visible – such plates are convenient to use (even with complete dementia).
Varieties by type of attachment
The artificial restoration of the bite is completed after the installation of the implants. Depending on the methods of fixation, the components used, and the design, there are several types in the classification of dentures and dentures:
- Spherical – convenient for the use of partially removable systems, two supports are enough to evenly distribute the load on closed jaws;
- Beam-screwing points for implants are determined (based on the pressure force on the gums), and a beam is fixed on the holders;
- Clasp – installed on the supporting organs with the help of hooks;
- On implants – it is recommended to use metal retainers as opposed to cement when there are no contraindications;
- Micro locks – the main advantage lies in the possibility of installing locks on crowns and entire areas without preliminary turning;
- Suction cups – light and short-lived with fairly cheap performance.
Components for the production of implants
Laboratories are working on the creation of new approaches, which determine the quality of the future product, service life, the comfort of the owner, the development of allergic reactions, and other indicators. What is the best material for false teeth in dental prosthetics?
Affordable – the most common today. Fixed to the surface through a hook, eliminates turning. Using this option is justified only for temporary solutions, pending the manufacture of a permanent seal or part of it.
The polymer component without acrylic is resilient and elastic and does not cause discomfort to its owner. Scientists claim an operating time of 10 years, which adds points. However, it is rarely used on artificial jaws for a long time, even though the transparent base is invisible to others.
At the initial consultation, the doctor will tell you which material and type of prosthesis is best used for prosthetics in each case.
It is widely used in any medical practice due to its lightness, flexibility, as well as elasticity and elasticity.
But even distribution of the load on the masticatory organs is impossible due to the great softness (which leads to the need for an early replacement). Recommended for temporary solutions while work is being done on a permanent prosthesis.
A biocompatible artificial component that is comparable in strength to metals. It is used for the manufacture of crowns, implants, and various systems for a long time.
Perfectly suited for the outer sides of teeth on a framework made of zirconium dioxide or other metal. Cheaper than analogs, and has an average service life – which makes the material the most used for application.
The composition includes durable hypoallergenic components. The main property is oxidation resistance. They are used for clasp, frame, and beam implants. After ceramics, the most common option. Before performing work, it is necessary to consult with qualified dentists, due to the risk of rejection of the material.
Artificial overlays – what are micro prostheses
A description of the types of dentures with prostheses can be found below in the text.
They allow you to delay the installation of the crown. A standard procedure can save damaged teeth by placing one only at the root and another over the gum. The resulting strong foundation can last a long time. The prosthesis is made of porcelain, metal, ceramics, zirconium, and various composites.
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Thin plates are attached to the outside. Designed to hide flaws, minor defects, and whitening.
Two manufacturing methods:
- Several layers are successively applied to the enamel.
- A veneer is poured (made) in a special form, then fixed in the mouth.
The quality and service life of the finished product directly depends on the components.
They are more similar to veneers, but there are several distinctive features:
- Significantly thinner.
- Follows contours and performs the function of enamel.
- Microcracks are completely excluded.
- They serve up to 20 years.
- Removable design.
Eliminates gaps, whitens, and hides minor defects.
Crowns: what are
Depending on the composition, they have indications and contraindications. Many people ask themselves: how are dentures and their parts made, what are they made of? Let’s analyze each type separately.
There are cast and stamped. They are widespread due to their low cost, as well as ease of implantation and maintenance, but have lost their relevance due to the use of more modern analogs.
They can be made of nickel, titanium, gold, silver, and cobalt. Minus – complete unattractiveness.
They are made on a finished frame or without it. Attractive design, together with simple and cheap installation, can make them a leader in applications. Low strength and fragility are the main disadvantages of polymer dentures and structures. In addition, plastic is a highly allergenic component.
Used for restorations, anterior incisor corrections (low load), and temporary solutions while a permanent option is under development.
A metal base with a ceramic coating in the upper layers. The most common: perfect value for money. Strength, durability, the ability to insert into any place – dignity. The disadvantages include a possible discoloration over time (requires additional care and protection), which can be rejected, or lead to inflammation of the gums.
Porcelain implants are made using pressed casting followed by firing. Aesthetic, strong and durable, while completely anti-allergic. However, the high price threshold greatly reduces the application.
After smelting, they can completely copy the natural external structure of the teeth. Expensive cost with the impossibility of subsequent adjustment after smelting the structure makes this material rare. However, high strength and durability are its advantages.
Which prostheses are better to choose
Dentists can cope with tasks of any complexity. The choice of the method of prosthetics, material, approach to treatment, duration, and other nuances is determined only by the doctor.
According to indications
The main condition for determining approaches to therapy is the clinical condition of the patient. The professional will, first of all, be guided by these conditions.
Price and budget
The second most important criterion. In dentistry, one problem can be solved in several ways. From the presentation, the client can choose the option that suits the cost, time, and other criteria. This indicator also depends on what dentures are made of.
By service life
The quality of the components used directly affects the wearing comfort and durability of the products. This factor should be taken into account when choosing an affordable option. The criterion must be in the same row as the price definition.
With full or partial edentulous
This criterion relates to diagnostics by indications. Because possible appointments are determined from the different states of the oral cavity and gums. The complete absence of masticatory organs requires one approach, the partial absence of another.
For the upper or lower jaw
Different anatomical functions make adjustments to the methods of dental intervention. This factor must be taken into account by the doctor when choosing a variety of suitable solutions.
How much do different types cost?
The pricing policy depends on the components used, as well as the components within the same treatment method. An additional factor affecting pricing is the place of residence (costs are higher in large cities).
The patient may wonder: what can replace dentures? Unfortunately, no replacement has yet been found.
How to choose a good doctor
The search for a doctor who will be engaged in the restoration of chewing functions is a responsible task. The qualification of a specialist directly affects the quality of work performed, the durability of the structure, and the impression after visiting a doctor. A doctor must combine in one person a master of his craft and a good psychologist. Many people are afraid to go to the dentist, so to create a comfortable environment for the patient, the dentist must be friendly, not fussy, and explain the stages of work. Then the visit will leave only pleasant impressions.
A professional must know: how they are made, from what material removable and permanent dentures are made, and understand the types of fasteners with classification.
The most proven way in finding a dentist is to collect reviews from friends. You can also use comments about specialists and clinics involved in bite correction from the Internet. For many years Dentika dental center has received only positive reviews from its visitors. The main goal is to make the reception pleasant, high-quality, and human-oriented with a mandatory personal approach (to bring joy and health to each patient who applied).
At the appointment, you can ask the doctor to show you all kinds of modern materials for high-quality full dentures.