Maintaining the health of the jaw region as a whole – and the elements of the dentition in particular – requires not only regular hygiene procedures aimed at preventing caries and other pathologies but also periodic strengthening of tissues, which increases the level of protection from the negative influence of external factors. Efficient processing allows you to provide a sufficient amount of mineral components that feed the structure of the dentin. Otherwise, there is a possibility of weakening, damage, and destruction of the crown, resulting in the need for a more serious and large-scale medical intervention – starting with filling, and ending with the installation of a replacement prosthesis. Among the options available to help avoid this situation, fluoridation of teeth deserves special attention – about what it is,
From a technical point of view, the method under consideration is reduced to covering the outer part of the elements of the dentition with a special liquid containing an increased concentration of fluoride compounds. The procedure is carried out both in clinical and at-home conditions, however, before using professional formulations on your own, in any case, you will need to undergo primary diagnostics, having received expert advice. Practice confirms the effectiveness of the technique both in childhood, that is, during the period of temporary “milk” bite, and when working with patients of the older age group.
When and why is remineralization indicated?
Speaking about the cases in which it is recommended to cover the teeth with fluoride, and whether it is necessary to resort to this procedure at all, many dentists note the positive results achieved through the application of remineralizing compounds. Among the characteristic advantages that determine the popularity of the considered method of prevention include:
- Increasing the resistance of the enamel coating to aggressive acids and the destructive influence of the microflora characteristic of the oral cavity.
- Ensuring a longer service life of replacement elements, including fillings made of composite photopolymer materials, as well as prostheses and implants.
- Restoring the balance of sensitivity, which is necessary in cases where changes in the structure entail the appearance of physical discomfort, which is aggravated by mechanical stress and temperature changes.
- Reducing the likelihood of developing caries, as well as other dental pathologies that affect not only the teeth but also adjacent tissues.
- Stimulation of the process of natural enamel formation in childhood is necessary for the protection and proper growth of the elements of the jaw row.
Most patients are confident that following a properly formulated and balanced diet, as well as regular basic hygiene procedures, are factors sufficient to maintain health. However, even under such conditions, the likelihood of developing a pathological condition remains very high.
Why is tooth enamel destroyed?
In most diagnosed cases, the cause of destruction is natural biological processes that continuously occur in the oral cavity. Each meal entails a violation of the initial acid-base balance, contributing to the oxidation of pH. To neutralize this effect, the body “starts” a cycle of washing out the trace elements of the enamel coating, which is defined in dentistry as demineralization. In cases where its intensity is higher than that of the regenerative function, characterized by the reverse accumulation of minerals, small defects begin to form in the structure of the crown coating, which is invisible to the naked eye in the early stages. This, in turn, opens up the possibility of the formation of local carious foci, the rate of increase of which depends on many concomitant factors.
Do not forget about such an aspect as non-compliance with hygiene rules and recommendations for caring for teeth and gums. And in this case, we are not even talking about maintaining a balanced diet, the complexity of which is determined by the limited financial resources of patients. In dental practice, there are often situations when clients neglect the simplest hygiene standards, such as brushing twice a day and using rinses or threads after meals. The negative impact is exacerbated by the abuse of bad habits, including addiction to smoking and excessive consumption of coffee. Separate trace elements contribute to the formation of a sticky coating in hard-to-reach areas that attracts pathogenic microbes. As a result, an environment is formed that favors the accumulation of bacteria, which, when decomposed, release acid,
Types of procedures
There are several methods, the choice between which is determined both by the presence of contraindications to fluoridation of teeth, diagnosed during a preliminary examination and by other factors, primarily the current state of the enamel coating. By contacting the specialists of Dentika dental centers, you can sign up for an initial consultation, during which the doctor will visually assess the key indicators and determine the need for additional remineralization. To choose a convenient time to visit the clinic, just use the contacts listed on the official website or the feedback form, indicating the phone number and preferred dates of the visit.
Consider the main options used in practice to restore and strengthen the elements of dentition.
The basic technique, which, nevertheless, provides sufficient effectiveness in preventing the development of various foci and other pathologies. The procedure involves the application of a special composition that forms an ultra-thin film that lasts for 4-6 months. The additional coating does not affect the patient’s feelings in any way, does not cause physical discomfort or negative reaction, and is applied either with the help of fluorine varnish or by using preparations together with orthodontic caps.
In the first case, we are talking about a polymer composition based on fluorine, which is used to cover previously cleaned, dried, and isolated from the effects of saliva elements of the dentition. The procedure is repeated quarterly, or every six months – depending on the properties of the enamel, as well as on the activity of the spread of caries.
The second option involves the use of the services of a technician who makes an individual overlay based on a silicone or plaster cast. Before installation on the teeth, a substance containing fluoride compounds is poured into the “case” for a quarter of an hour. The total duration of the remineralization course is 12-15 sessions, while experts note the density of the contact between the enamel coating and the inner base of the walls of the cap, due to which the composition penetrates into the structure of the crown, but does not enter directly into the oral cavity.
An option is recommended in cases where the original integrity of the enamel has already been compromised. It involves the use of liquid “cocktails”, which contain not only fluorine but also calcium, as well as other mineral components necessary to maintain a natural state. The duration of the resulting effect varies in the range of 10-12 months from the end of the therapeutic course, which makes it advisable to repeat the procedure annually.
The technique is a more complex version of preventive dental restoration. If we talk in simple terms about what fluoridation of teeth is, why and why adults and children need it, then in the case of a deep form, a double result should be distinguished: the composition penetrates not only into the external structure of the coating but also into internal tissues, protecting them from the latent development of a pathological condition.
The standard equipment of the products used includes two bottles, one of which contains a fluoride compound, and the other contains calcium. The processing algorithm provides for the following sequence of actions:
- Hygienic cleaning using a professional paste, a special brush, as well as an ultrasonic scaler.
Drying enamel with a universal air-drop dental gun – empty.
- Application to the surface of a liquid composition containing an increased concentration of fluorine, followed by repeated drying.
- Impregnation of a cotton swab with a combination of copper and calcium hydroxide, followed by gentle rubbing of the product into the enamel structure.
Upon completion of the deep fluoridation procedure, the oral cavity is thoroughly washed with water, which eliminates possible side effects and reactions in the body. The fusion of ionic elements embedded in the hydroxyapatite crystal structure helps to strengthen the enamel coating of the units.
Treatment of milk teeth
Ignoring planned trips to the dentist at an early age is the most common cause of problems that occur during the formation of a permanent bite. Temporary crowns are also susceptible to the development of caries, which ultimately can affect not only the structure of the periodontium but also the rudiments of indigenous units, preventing a full eruption.
For patients of the younger age group, silvering is often offered, designed to protect the enamel from the spread of lesions, however, starting from the age of three, the procedure for the fluoridation of teeth is allowed, the combination of the pros and cons of which gives a more preferable result, both in terms of medical indicators and in terms of personal child’s perception of a visit to the dental clinic.
Among the factors indicating the need to visit dentistry with the baby, including the following indications and conditions of the jaw:
- The onset of the set change period – at this stage, the enamel coating of erupting crowns is most vulnerable to pathogens.
- The presence of small damage resulting from mechanical stress, including cracks and chips.
Diagnosis of the initial stage of development of caries, a characteristic feature of which is the formation of a chalky spot.
- Exacerbation of sensitivity to temperature changes, sour and spicy foods, as well as to the influence of other irritants.
It should be noted that the method of deep fluoridation not only creates additional protection but also increases the service life of previously installed seals.
Contraindications and indications
Complex remineralization, which includes the treatment of teeth with fluorine and fluoride-containing preparations, contributes to the formation of a preventive effect and is an important component of oral care. The need to strengthen the enamel coating is determined by the accompanying circumstances, such as:
- Increased vulnerability to the formation of carious lesions.
- Exacerbation of the sensitivity of the elements of the dentition.
- Prolonged wearing of orthodontic correctors, including braces.
- Pregnancy and lactation, weaken the mother’s body.
- The systematic use of medications that flush out calcium.
In addition, when planning the whitening procedure, the teeth are also covered with fluorine, for which deep hygienic cleaning is carried out first (without this, fluoridation will not be as effective), the method involves the use of an ultrasonic device that gently removes accumulated plaque and stony deposits localized in periodontal pockets.
Any dental protocol is implemented only after the diagnosis characterizing the problematic condition is formulated and confirmed. To form a clinical picture, a comprehensive diagnosis is carried out, including a visual and hardware examination of the oral cavity and elements of the dentition. Particular attention is paid to problem units, in the area of the location in which the patient experiences increased discomfort.
The standard enamel remineralization algorithm provides for the following sequence of actions:
- Pre-treatment and sanitation of the oral cavity.
- Drying of the vestibular and lingual surfaces by the apparatus method.
- Application of the composition in the chosen way.
In those cases when it comes to the use of individual caps, first you need to take an impression that repeats the features of the anatomical structure of the maxillary region. This increases the overall duration of the rehabilitation and preventive course but increases the effectiveness of each session.
Teeth fluoridation at home
Today, on network marketplaces and in pharmacies, you can find various products and formulations that, according to their manufacturers, can help strengthen the structure of crowns. Among the proposed options there are biologically active additives (BAA), toothpaste, gels, and rinses with a high fluorine content, as well as other options.
However, it should be borne in mind that self-treatment – especially in the dental field – most often leads to an aggravation of an already not-the-best situation. The quality of the materials and components used, compliance with production standards, and the safe concentration of active elements – all this is guaranteed only by professional medical products used in a clinical setting. The likelihood of oversaturation of the body with fluoride is associated with certain health risks, so the best solution would be to contact qualified specialists.
Results of the procedure
Fluoridation provides a number of positive changes caused by strengthening the structure of tooth enamel. The characteristic consequences of the completed course are a decrease in the reaction to hot and cold food, alignment of the surface and shade of the crowns, a decrease in the amount of accumulated plaque, as well as the disappearance of stains that have arisen against the background of demineralization or the development of caries.
So, now you know why teeth are coated with fluoride, and what effect this procedure provides. Regularly scheduled visits to the dentist – even if there is no tangible reason for the visit – help maintain oral health and contribute to maintaining an attractive smile for many years.