Why a wisdom tooth hurts and what to do if it hurts a lot

Many people sooner or later face the question: “what to do if the wisdom tooth hurts very much when chewing, teething at rest, or under other conditions.” The third molars are located at the very end of the upper and lower jaws. They are intended for chewing coarse dietary fibers, but their absence does not affect the quality of food grinding and the processes occurring in the digestive tract. “Eights” have always been considered problematic and provoked unpleasant symptoms in humans. Consider why this is happening, and what to do to make this difficult period easier.

throbbing wisdom tooth pain

Causes of pain

Most people complain of pain during teething. Can a wisdom tooth not hurt? In rare cases, some such patients do not have discomfort, but this is rather an exception to the rule. Even if the crown has not yet appeared on the surface, not very pleasant sensations indicate the growth of dental units. Similar signs are observed with inflammation or diseases of the oral cavity. Thus, provoking factors can be both natural (related to physiology) and pathological. Consider the most common causes of pain syndrome.

Teething

The main symptom when a wisdom tooth erupts is that it hurts. “Eights” grow at different ages, the process itself usually takes several years. Normally, all back molars should grow by the age of 30.

The period is quite difficult because the jaws of an adult by this moment are already fully formed. The gums are tight and thick. The surface of the unit is wide, and the upper parts are rounded, which complicates the exit through soft tissues.

If the gingival layer is too thick and cannot be penetrated, growth may continue in the direction of less resistance, i.e. sideways relative to the rest of the rows. Due to constant squeezing, a pain syndrome appears, which spreads to the face, ears, and neck. With prolonged eruption, it is recommended to contact the dental clinic to resolve the issue of gum incision.

Inflammatory process

If the teeth erupt too long, inflammation often appears. It is aseptic, that is, it is not caused by pathogenic microorganisms. There is pain in the temporal part and auricles, cheeks, and mucous membranes swell and redden. Ulcers and erosions form on the gums. It becomes difficult to chew food and swallow food and drinks. In some cases, it is difficult to open the mouth. Other symptoms also join headaches, fever, and general malaise.

If bacterial microflora gets into the wound, the patient becomes worse. Purulent discharge appears and flux is formed. If you start this process, you will need urgent surgical intervention by the surgeon. In the absence of timely treatment, complications such as otitis media, damage to the lymph nodes, and sepsis (blood poisoning) are possible.

Pericoronitis

What to do when a wisdom tooth climbs and the gum hurts, what will help, and is the expectant tactic effective? Unfortunately, sometimes the process gets out of control, and the fourth molar begins to grow horizontally. The gum tissue does not rise evenly, but at an angle, resulting in a pocket. Food particles and bacteria get into it. Because of this, an inflammatory process develops. It affects soft and hard tissues. With untimely therapy, the lymph nodes become inflamed, and phlegmon and other unpleasant consequences appear.

Pericoronitis is treated surgically – excess fibers over the crown and the resulting hood are removed, and food debris is cleaned. The patient cannot do all this himself because of the inconvenient localization of the “eights”.

Caries

Carious lesions affect enamel and dentin. In the presence of a gingival pocket, the blackened cavities are hidden from the human eye and therefore cannot be seen during a routine examination. After resection, wound healing, and elimination of puffiness, it is worth contacting the dentist again to install a filling. If this is done too late, the risk of pulpitis or periodontitis increases, the treatment of which causes a lot of inconveniences, because it is not easy to get to the back molars.

Growth symptoms

Before you understand what to do when the wisdom tooth is inflamed and hurts, whether to drink painkillers, it is worth establishing the provoking factors and accompanying signs. The most common symptoms are:

  • Pain syndrome. It signals the possible onset of the inflammatory process.
  • Swelling, inflammation. At first, they are localized at the site of the appearance of the molar, then they progress and cover the cheeks, ears, temples, and neck.
  • Increase in body temperature. In most cases, sub-febrile fever persists.
  • Unpleasant sensations when swallowing food, and drinks, discomfort while chewing food. It is impossible to fully open the mouth.
  • Inflammation of the lymph nodes, soreness with pressure.

wisdom tooth hurts symptoms

Pain and its location

Pain syndrome is the main sign of the problematic growth of “eights”. The nature of the sensations and the place where they are localized sometimes indicate a specific pathological process.

Gum

Such a symptom speaks of pericoronitis and other consequences of improper eruption. Pathogenic microorganisms accumulate in the gum pockets and provoke serious inflammation, and swelling. In the future, the pathology grows, passes to vast areas, and penetrates deep.

Jaw

If a wisdom tooth hurts when pressed down or up, this can be caused by various reasons. The most common are complications of caries, inflamed periosteum, and the location of the dental units not being as it should be according to the norms.

The space in the mouth is limited, and during active growth, there is a mechanical effect on the neighboring rows, they are injured or displaced. The pain in this case can be sharp and sharp, aching, of low intensity.

Throat

If it hurts when cutting, you should be wary. Most likely, the reason is a serious pathological process. The inflammation became too extensive and went beyond. Symptoms resemble a sore throat or stomatitis. When a similar symptom appears, home rinses with herbs will not help, a specialist consultation is necessary.

Cheek

If the focus of inflammation progresses, the formation of purulent periostitis is possible. The patient notices that the lymph nodes are enlarged, and the soft tissues are very swollen.

Looking at yourself in the mirror, you may find that the problem stands out noticeably. It becomes difficult to open your mouth, eat, and talk. The most serious complication is sepsis, which often ends in death.

Ear and/or head

When a wisdom tooth becomes inflamed and hurts, the reasons (treatment in such a situation should be prescribed exclusively by a doctor) can be different, but most often this happens when nerve endings are pinched or damaged. The problem is associated with swelling and compression of the nerves, or with an abnormal arrangement of dental units. Migraine is observed with an increase in body temperature and general malaise, not necessarily associated with the maxillofacial apparatus.

All cases are individual. Perhaps the patient will not have any pain, and new crowns will appear almost immediately.

Why does the wisdom tooth hurt terribly, the gum in the area where it grows

Inflammation and swelling are observed due to constant squeezing and injury of soft tissues by growing “eights”. It is possible to release a liquid secret (exudate), an increase in the concentration of lymphocytes and leukocytes, and the appearance of pus. Edema becomes more extensive when bacterial microflora enters. To prevent complications, if it is not possible to urgently get to the dentist, it is worth taking an anesthetic and constantly rinsing the mouth with antiseptic compounds.

How to relieve pain at home

The most effective way to do so that your wisdom tooth does not hurt is to visit a dentist. When this is temporarily impossible, you need to try to stop the pain and inflammation yourself. You can temporarily get rid of unpleasant symptoms with the help of analgesics, anti-inflammatory drugs, local anesthetics, and rinses.

Taking medications

Pain medications help manage pain. Unfortunately, the effect of their use does not last long, up to 8 hours. The most popular tablets:

  • Analgin.
  • Dexalgin.
  • Tempalgin.

Analgesic formulations should not be used continuously because they cause serious adverse reactions (for example, disturbances in the hematopoiesis process, and problems with the organs of the excretory system). At the same time, medicines act urgently at one time, when the gum hurts near the removed wisdom tooth.

the wisdom tooth hurt terribly

Ibuprofen, Nimesulide, Ibufen, Ketorol, and other anti-inflammatory drugs act in a complex way, reducing pain, relieving swelling, and lowering body temperature. You can not take them more than 3 times a day and on an empty stomach. Possible adverse reactions from the gastrointestinal tract, deterioration of blood clotting.

Supernumerary teeth or hypodontia types, symptoms, and treatment

Outdoor gels (Kalgel, Kamistad) are very popular, which not only anesthetize but also eliminate inflammation and disinfect. Some formulations are allowed to be used when teething milk units in infants. Solcoseryl and Cholisal have antibacterial properties and promote faster healing of wounds.

Rinsing for pain

How do rinse and anesthetize when a wisdom tooth hurts? Positive dynamics are observed after the procedure performed using such means as:

  • Infusions, decoctions of herbs, and other plants. Most often, patients choose chamomile, sage, and oak bark. Rinse your mouth, you can quickly clean the gum pockets, preventing possible infection.
  • A solution of soda and salt. They help to wash purulent contents and get rid of edema.
  • Hydrogen peroxide, potassium permanganate, and water. This is a homemade antiseptic composition that disinfects the gums. It is necessary to carry out such manipulations as often as possible (at least 8 times a day).

Traditional medicine recipes

Some tools show high efficiency for decades. They do not help to cope with severe cases but provide invaluable assistance in eliminating pain and other signs of the pathological process.

Solution for anesthesia

To prepare the healing composition you will need:

  • Clean boiled water (1 liter);
  • A tablespoon of sea salt;
  • 100 g of ammonia;
  • 10 g of camphor alcohol.

All ingredients mix well. Then a cotton pad is moistened with liquid and applied to the sore spot for 20 minutes. Regardless of how long the wisdom tooth hurts (how to relieve pain in advanced situations, discussed above), this anesthetic composition temporarily improves the patient’s condition and allows him to take a break from the torment before visiting the dentist.

Onion peel

It is enough to take a few medium onions and boiling water. The peeled outer shell is poured with 0.5 liters of boiling water, the container is hermetically sealed and set aside in a dark place for about an hour.

After the specified time, you need to take 2-3 tablespoons of the infusion into your mouth and hold it without swallowing for 15 minutes. The procedure should be carried out up to 5 times a day. The tool helps to relieve the symptoms of teething and stop the progression of inflammation.

Aspen for pain

Such a decoction will be an invaluable help when the wisdom tooth on the upper jaw hurts, the gums are swollen and the face is swollen. It is necessary to pour aspen bark or shavings (20 g) with a glass of water, bring to a boil and boil for half an hour. Then the mixture is infused for the same amount of time to cool and filtered. You need to rinse your mouth with this liquid every time after eating.

Healing Blend

You should take the:

  • 15 drops of iodine;
  • a teaspoon of salt;
  • 1 tbsp aloe juice (freshly squeezed).

The components are dissolved in 250 ml of pure boiled water, the mixture is brought to homogeneity. It is recommended to rinse the mouth about 3 times a day.

What to do if a wisdom tooth grows and the jaw hurts during pregnancy

The female body is especially vulnerable during childbearing, regardless of the period. This is due to a decrease in immunity, early toxicosis or preeclampsia, changes in hormonal levels, and other reasons.

Unfortunately, future mothers cannot be treated according to the standard schemes developed by physicians. They are contraindicated in antibacterial drugs and painkillers containing analgesics.

wisdom tooth hurt Traditional medicine recipes

In the absence of complications, it is better to opt for gels for topical use, suitable for infants. If there is an increase in body temperature, it is allowed to take paracetamol and medicines based on it. Dosages should be calculated exclusively by a doctor, otherwise, you can harm the fetus.

In advanced situations, it is necessary to operate on the patient and remove the pathological dental unit. Such manipulations are recommended in the second trimester.

When is it time to see a doctor?

So, your wisdom teeth are being cut, and your gums hurt – what to do so that serious complications do not arise? When an unpleasant symptom is taken by surprise, you do not need to immediately drink handfuls of painkillers and anti-inflammatory pills. It is better to rinse the mouth well with herbal infusions, and in case of persistent pain syndrome, use local gels and make an appointment with a dentist.

If the symptoms progress, inflammation, and dangerous external signs join, it is recommended not to hesitate to visit the dental clinic for high-quality diagnostics and treatment. Untimely intervention threatens serious consequences, including extraction with the complete loss of the dental unit.

What to do if a wisdom tooth hurts, or gums on the lower or upper jaw? First of all, it is important to establish the causes of the appearance of an unpleasant symptom. If the provoking factors are physiological, it is enough to ensure high-quality oral hygiene, carefully monitor your condition, eat well and rinse the inflamed mucous membranes for preventive purposes. When a problem appears due to pathology, it is important not to delay and visit the doctor as soon as possible.