When pure implantation is powerless, alternative methods and various types of partial and complete removable dentures come to the rescue: on hooks, cosmetic, on two or more teeth, one-sided, overhead.
Artificial jaws: types
First of all, let’s define some terminology to make the following text easier to understand.
- Basis – the base, outwardly very similar to the gum, fits snugly into the oral cavity. Borders are made of modern polymeric materials.
- Fastening – various locks with hooks fixing the entire structure to the supporting healthy organs.
- Implants are elements firmly embedded in the base that replace individual chewing units. In the manufacture, light components are used, as close as possible in color to real teeth.
Classification by type
Types are divided according to the substances in the composition. However, a distinction based on how partial dentures are placed, how they are built in and attached, and what dentures look like is the best approach.
The most inexpensive and affordable way to restore chewing functions. The plastic base completely covers the curves in the patient’s mouth and the contours of the gums. They are attached to supporting intact chewing organs. Acrylic, nylon, and other modern, non-allergic materials are used in the production of these implants.
Low cost with easy fixation is the main advantage. The age group of patients for their use is not limited. However, the restoration of chewing functions is not complete, diction may be disturbed, and the design does not hold well in the mouth. The photo shows the installation of removable lamellar and one-sided dentures on hooks.
Artificial analogs are fixed on a metal frame. Since the base is durable material, the product will last a long time. They are installed using various holds, crowns, and other methods.
This type of substitution is not suitable for those who have allergic reactions to the main component. The high cost is also a significant disadvantage. Of the positive features – strength, strong fixation, full recovery, natural appearance.
It cannot be considered a permanent solution, as they are temporary measures. The installation of partially removable dentures is shown in the photo.
For a short time, they are able to fully restore all aesthetic, chewing functions. But, it should be remembered that their use is possible only when one or two damaged units are restored.
Low cost along with fast insertion are positives. Soft components make the implant unstable to heavy loads and greatly reduce the service life. The use of immediate is common in a dental practice when it is necessary to prevent the displacement of the remaining teeth towards the removed ones.
How to make a denture, a fully artificial false jaw: materials
The components that are the basis of such products determine the quality of human life. Good and durable, anti-allergic does not cause discomfort, and is installed painlessly, quickly, and easily. The main thing is that there is no rejection.
Prostheses from the low-price segment are often made in a short time. However, they do not tolerate heavy loads, serve little, and can cause discomfort: itching, and irritation of the oral cavity.
Available and common chemical material. It is used in all spheres of human activity: from household needs to medical ones. It gained popularity due to its cost-effectiveness, and easy processing.
The low cost greatly influenced its development in dentistry. Affordable price is perhaps its only advantage in this area. Easy installation, fastening of a partially removable and fully overlaid plate denture with the sky has the following reviews:
- Fall out;
- Ugly appearance;
- Cause severe discomfort while eating, due to an unevenly distributed load.
Particularly weak fastening in the lower jaw. The sublingual space is uneven, therefore it is impossible to attach a classic suction cup to it. The problem is solved as follows:
- Apply special creams for holding;
- Installation of the lower chewing part is carried out on living units.
Orthopedic products are held by clasps, which wrap around the implant at the base and give the structure the necessary rigidity. Ivocap removable dentures are the most popular with the following pros and cons.
- The upper jaw has good stability;
- Low cost;
- Suitable for repair;
- Ease of construction;
- Unpretentious in care.
- A large frame takes up a lot of space in the mouth;
- Clasps are noticeable with close eye contact;
- The lower part is poorly fixed;
- The alveolar arch with a process gradually trophies;
Recommended as a temporary solution, or for full/partial dentition.
The most budgetary and common prostheses are based on polymer masses of low cost and quality. Among all lamellar ones, they are able to provide acceptable aesthetics. They are highly allergenic, fall out, break, and cause discomfort.
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Removable prosthesis or false teeth made of an advanced polymer saves their owner from possible irritation of the oral cavity, have greater strength, and reduce the risk of breakage.
An excellent option for temporary solutions while a high-quality and durable replacement is being manufactured. People with hypersensitivity can easily walk with them until full implants are inserted.
The basis is a three-layer plastic. Characterized by durability, strength, resistance to chemical compounds, and external attractiveness.
Dentists and clients love the design for its beautiful appearance. A painted completely removable denture is an analog of living tissues.
Polymethyl methacrylate is an organic plastic that has innovative properties due to a unique method of creation (the polymer is kneaded in an injection device):
- Greatly reduces the risk of an allergic reaction;
- Prevents hypersensitivity;
- Eliminates errors (underbite, large shrinkage).
Automation exactly observes the entire technological process. As a result, porosity decreases and strength increases. These properties ensure the durability of the entire system.
Modern and thermoplastic, eliminates the use of monomer. Dryness, burning, and allergic reactions are completely absent. The material is much stronger than analogs. Therefore, the basis is very thin. In turn, it affects the sensitivity of taste buds and articulation.
An Argentinian company has made a breakthrough in dentistry by developing a polyamide that provides complete transparency of the entire framework, including the clasps. Passing light completely merges with the tissues of the oral cavity.
It is widely used by athletes, police officers, and the Ministry of Emergency Situations to protect the jaw.
The base is filled with soft nylon. 100% transparency ensures complete fusion with the mucous membrane. Clasps are made from the same material.
The patient quickly gets used to the foreign body in the mouth. High elasticity reduces stress on gums and soft tissues. The sufficient strength of the material used makes it possible to minimize the framework in order to preserve diction.
However, the pluses turn into minuses. To answer the described contradiction, it is important to understand the following question: how is a full-fledged nylon denture placed?
The thin and elastic core component requires a mesh construction. During the chewing of solid food, the fibers dig into the palate or gums, causing pain.
- Quick addiction;
- 100% disguise;
- Frequent loss obliges to always apply to fix creams and ointments;
- The chewing function is weak;
- Leading to the accumulation of plaque on the rough part;
- Require a strict diet;
- The alveolar ridge bears all the load.
Indications for use:
- Partial dementia with preservation of supporting organs;
- In cases where aesthetics come to the fore;
- The patient is allergic to acrylic.
So, we figured out how the false jaw is made, and the pros and cons of dental prostheses of various components. We turn to indications for the use of other types.
Replace the one-sided included defect. The design can be created from any materials used in dentistry. Able to restore a row of holes. Also found under the name “butterflies”.
Several artificial crowns are attached to a miniature base, which is attached to hooks and locks. Recommended as a temporary solution after the removal of diseased masticatory organs.
For those who are going to install metal ceramics, and do not have enough money, it helps to gain time to collect them. Some patients use it all their lives, replacing it with a new one after a few years.
Anyone who has ever contacted a dentist for prosthetics is concerned about how to make, who makes and inserts dentures on hooks, what methods of attachment exist, and how they look on the teeth.
The design got its name due to special fixing methods. Special crowns and clasps provide a secure fit in the mouth. They will never take off on their own. You can remove it using special skills (usually a dentist does this).
This type of implant has been described above. Additionally, 3 types of structures should be distinguished:
- Clamers. The claw-shaped fastening made of metal provides a secure fixation and poor aesthetics.
- Lock. It is divided into two parts: the first side, and the second inside. The installation of such a connection requires turning adjacent elements.
- Telescopic. The inner crown is made of solid metal, on which the outer structure (for example, ceramics) is put on.
Indications for use:
- Dementia, in which at least 5 teeth are preserved;
- More than three units in a row are missing;
- Moving teeth (loose);
Other implants cannot be placed.
Clasp or clasp without metal. Biocompatible plastic is at the heart of the whole structure.
- Removable Dentures Support parts do not need to be turned;
- The material does not cause allergies;
- The patient is easily accustomed;
- The chewing load is distributed correctly.
- Despite the greater stability compared to fully removable ones, the fixation is weak;
- The classic arc has high strength;
- Service life is 3-4 years.
How a complete removable denture of a new generation is attached without a palate and what they are
It is based on two materials:
- Hard acrylic for base and implants;
- Soft polyurethane for retainers.
At the base of the machine is an imitation of the gums, due to this, a strong fixation is ensured. Dentists are still arguing about what type should be classified as fully removable or not.
There are differences, depending on the features of the structure, the degree of dementia, the financial capabilities of the patient, and the qualifications of the doctor. All kinds of options have been discussed above so that you can choose the right one after a mandatory consultation with the dentist.
Only in this way will the correct solution be chosen, which will last as long as possible and bring the patient the joy of use, instead of discomfort and additional trouble.
Removable Dentures Support pins are screwed into the jaw, replacing all the materials discussed above. The outer part is fixed on them. Only this approach allows us to ensure the longest use, strength, and reliability. The procedure takes enough time and requires several visits to the doctor.
Prosthetics on implants are indicated for the complete loss of all teeth. It cannot be used only when the base for installation is not strong enough.
What is better and more reliable than Removable Dentures
The last option is optimal. However, it is impossible to say for sure which of all the possible ones to give preference to. The choice of a particular method and material is influenced by many factors.
Only a professional dentist, taking into account all contraindications, can determine several acceptable options to choose from, outlining the positive and negative aspects of each.
What to choose in the complete absence of teeth
If the doctor has not identified contraindications, separate implants are recommended. However, you can look towards removable options or partially removable ones.
Conducive to the installation of butterflies and crowns. Any of the methods described in the article are suitable for bite replacement. The right advice in each case can only be provided by a qualified specialist.
For the upper and lower parts of the mouth
If we are talking about removable structures – at the top you can use plate options, and at the bottom – fixed ones. Such advice is based on the anatomical features of the jaw. However, only the doctor will present the correct solution.
Service life and care
Durability depends on materials, quality of installation, and maintenance. The following tips will help make it as long as possible:
- Every 6 months it is necessary to visit a doctor to assess the condition – especially when using rigid structures;
- 2 times a day, you need to treat the oral cavity and removable jaws with a solution or rinse with clean water;
- Follow the individual recommendations received from the doctor.
Conclusion on Removable Dentures
The article answered the questions: what is a full and partially removable denture, what types are there in dentistry, which are better, and what determines the price? It should be noted that the text is not a guide to action, its main purpose is to acquaint the reader with the varieties. If you have any questions or pain, you should contact your dentist.