What do you know about Gum plastic surgery? By “attractive smile” is meant not only smooth and snow-white teeth but also the correct contours of the tissues that frame the dental crowns. Unfortunately, their outlines are not always ideal. If you are unhappy with your gingival contour, see your dentist for a rhinoplasty procedure, which has become quite common in modern practice.
Local anesthesia is sufficient for gingival plastic. The doctor can use both a scalpel and a laser. What exactly will be the best solution in your case, the specialist will decide during the inspection. As a rule, in order to outline the desired result, the doctor draws a future gum line on the teeth.
The operation is performed by a periodontist. Before that, be sure to check the qualifications of a specialist, and check out examples of work already carried out by him.
Gum plastic surgery recession
As a result of a number of periodontal diseases, gum recession can occur. The soft tissue becomes smaller, and the root of the tooth is exposed. This is not very aesthetically pleasing, and threatens a number of problems, up to the loss of a tooth. Recession can develop both on one tooth and on several.
In addition, due to a too-short and powerful frenulum or an insufficient vestibule of the oral cavity, the free edge of the gum can exfoliate, gum pockets form and inflammation begin. The vestibulopathy procedure solves this problem. During the operation, the vestibule of the oral cavity deepens, and soft tissues are distributed in this area more rationally.
In order to return the necessary volume to the soft tissues of the gums, close the exposed roots, prevent the development of caries and esthetically improve the smile, a gum augmentation procedure is performed. It can concern both exclusively the epithelium and connective tissue, and affect the periosteum. It depends on the specific situation.
Gum plastic surgery during implantation
After implantation of the tooth, when the root is exposed, gingival plastic is also performed. Usually, such an operation is required if the implant was fixed in place of the missing tooth. Then the gum line has not only aesthetic value but also performs a protective function, protecting the implant from infection and further development of peri-implantitis. Also, thanks to the plastic in this case, the subsequent exposure of the roots is prevented, and the increased sensitivity of the teeth is reduced.
Gum plastic surgery against “shark” and “gum” smiles
The shape of the gingival contour depends on a number of factors. So, hereditary predisposition, certain diseases, and taking certain medications can cause soft tissue hypertrophy. This is how a “shark smile” appears, and the teeth visually lose their size. To solve this problem, a gingivectomy procedure is performed. Excess tissue is excised. The doctor removes the gum pockets or hood, which is often formed during the eruption of “wisdom teeth”. After excision, an optimal contour is created.
Often they resort to plastic gums to correct the “gum smile”. This is the name of a smile in which the upper gum is exposed by more than two millimeters. In this case, excess soft tissue is eliminated, and with the help of a doctor, the gingival contour acquires a beautiful, correct appearance.
How gums heal after plastic surgery
Depending on the nature of the operation, the gum tissue is restored in a period of several days to several weeks. The doctor provides you with a list of recommendations that must be followed for a speedy recovery. You will also be prescribed anesthetics.
In the postoperative period, physical activity, and hard too hot, or cold food are contraindicated. We’ll have to forget about spicy dishes for a while. Of course, you can not ignore the standard daily hygiene procedures. Until the tissues are completely healed, it is indicated to wear a special mouth guard.
Swelling of tissues after plastic surgery persists for several days, but, as a rule, after the third day it subsides. If this does not happen, and in addition, there are headaches, bleeding, and other suspicious symptoms, you should contact your dentist as soon as possible.
Gingival plastic surgery is a surgical procedure with its share of risks. The most common is an allergic reaction to painkillers and a recurrence of gum recession. In the first case, you should warn the specialist in advance about a possible allergy, in the second case, you will need to repeat the procedure after six months.