sclerotherapy

All About Sclerotherapy For Varicose Veins Pros & Cons {2023}

Varicose veins bring a lot of suffering: legs hurt, get tired quickly, and lose their beauty. Moreover, the disease is life-threatening, which is why it is so important to treat it in time using modern methods. Today, sclerotherapy is successfully used for this purpose – a low-traumatic method that has proven its effectiveness.

Sclerotherapy Method Features

Sclerotherapy is a modern way of treating blood vessels. It is based on punctures carried out into the lumen of the vessels. The drugs used in this case contribute to the gluing of the venous walls with subsequent resorption.

A similar method was created by the French physician Edouard Chasseignac in 1853. Currently, sclerotherapy competes with surgery in terms of effectiveness. The use of foam preparations made it possible to increase its effectiveness, and ultrasound, which controls the course of manipulations, also contributes to this.

In medical practice, a number of varieties of sclerotherapy are used:

  • catheter;
  • puncture;
  • compressor room;
  • laser;
  • foam form.

The latter variety is the most effective, given the rapid transport of the foamy drug through the veins. When using injection methods, drugs are injected into the vessels through a thin needle. If such methods are ineffective, laser sclerotherapy is used – a gentle but effective method.

Advantages

Sclerotherapy has many advantages over conventional methods of treating varicose veins:

  • efficiency;
  • safety;
  • painlessness;
  • aesthetics.

The result becomes noticeable even after the first manipulation: the veins cease to be noticeable, the stars are eliminated. Efficiency is increased due to the fact that several pathological foci can be covered during one session. It takes 2-3 weeks to get rid of spider veins, it takes up to three months for varicose veins to disappear.

Safety is due to the use of imported drugs from well-known manufacturers that have passed clinical trials. The treatment is carried out by experienced phlebologists, monitoring the course of the procedure using ultrasound. Discomfort during manipulation is limited to burning, patients do not feel pain.

Vein sclerotherapy does not involve incisions, only small holes remain after injections, which soon disappear without a trace.

Indications

Sclerotherapy is used in the following cases:

  • varicose veins in the first stage;
  • the appearance of stars;
  • loose type of varicose veins, in which surgical treatment is difficult;
  • expansion that appears after surgical removal of blood vessels.

Given the indications, sclerotherapy is prescribed as a separate procedure or combined with surgery.

Varicose veins

Contraindications

For all its safety, sclerotherapy has a number of contraindications:

  • thrombophlebitis or deep vein thrombosis in the legs;
  • pregnancy and breastfeeding;
  • purulent-inflammatory foci on the legs;
  • allergic reaction to sclerosants.

Sclerotherapy is also contraindicated for those patients in whom this disease is accompanied by insufficiency of the valves of the stem veins – the main and communicant ones.

How Is The Procedure?

The phlebologist selects the specific method, and the drugs used, and he also determines the intensity of the treatment procedures. This takes into account the general condition of the patient, and the drugs he takes – anti-inflammatory or hormonal. For two days before the session, you can not smoke, drink alcoholic beverages, do hair removal with wax, and other cosmetic procedures.

Treatment involves the introduction of drugs into the veins and compression, carried out with the help of elastic bandages, and special knitwear. This creates conditions due to which the walls of the veins stick together. Of the medicines, radioprotectors and venotonics are used.

The patient is in a horizontal position with a raised leg. The procedure lasts from five minutes to half an hour, depending on the number of pathological veins. In any case, the affected veins are removed, which helps to improve blood flow due to healthy vessels.

After Treatment

Immediately after the session, you should walk for about half an hour, and later try not to sit or stand for a long time. In the next seven days, physical exertion should be avoided; saunas and baths should not be visited for two months.

It takes two to eight weeks for cosmetic results to appear. The interval between sessions increases if the affected area is large enough, as well as in the presence of superficial veins, the diameter of which reaches 3 mm.

In place of the vein, a thin screed appears, it takes from two months to six months. For complete traceless resorption of the former vein, it takes from a year to a year and a half. For more information visit our site.

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