What to do if the tooth reacts to cold and hot? Go to the doctor or try to go through a little self-medication. The second option is possible only in the absence of additional and intense symptoms. It is believed that the increased sensitivity of the oral cavity is not a pathological process, but an effect that accompanies various diseases. However, incisor and premolars hypersensitivity is also caused by drinking coffee and alcohol or smoking cigarettes. To find out whether hyperesthesia really precedes the disease or its presence is due to less severe factors, only a dentist can.
Why there is a reaction to temperature
These symptoms do not appear out of nowhere – they are caused by a whole range of problems. Enamel hypersensitivity is manifested due to:
- Various diseases. According to the World Health Organization, even ordinary caries affect about 3.5 billion people worldwide. Moreover, a person may not even be aware of the presence of troubles until he notices unaesthetic spots and holes in his teeth. There is no need to talk about more severe pathologies. Pulpitis, gingivitis, periodontitis, and periodontal disease are “faithful companions” of hyperesthesia.
- Illiterately performed dental surgery procedures. Some unfortunate doctors, instead of helping their clients, only make things worse. A banal filling performed without sufficient cleaning of the root canals can also cause hypersensitivity.
- Malocclusion. Despite the fact that the chewing muscles are considered the strongest elements of the human body, their improper load leads to certain consequences. Crowns of incisors, canines, molars, and premolars are gradually erased, which leads to hyperesthesia.
- Violation of the structural integrity of the enamel. This problem is often faced by lovers of hard and non-liquid food. The same can be said about people who prefer hard toothbrushes.
- The procedure of professional whitening (even implemented as competently as possible). In their work, dentists use various cleaning agents, which also erode and destroy the surfaces of dentin.
However, if healthy teeth and gums react strongly to cold and hot, this is not necessarily a disease. Hypersensitivity is often non-pathological. It manifests itself, for example, after eating products consisting of sugar, caustic compounds, especially powerful preservatives, and so on.
Disorders leading to hyperesthesia
Another reason for the manifestation of such symptoms is diseases of the internal organs (or at least cases associated with their improper functioning). Enamel hypersensitivity leads to:
- Gastritis – the body produces a huge amount of acid-containing substances that have a negative effect on both hard and soft tissues.
- Diabetes and other endocrine pathologies – a lack of useful vitamins, minerals, and trace elements.
Age-related changes – the body goes through the process of growing up, as if “working out” the performance of certain systems, doing this not always with high quality.
- Hormonal failure – occurs, for example, during pregnancy or after the use of certain specific drugs.
Stress, constant nervous conditions, and depression are classic psychosomatic problems, confirming the saying that all diseases are caused by nerves.
- Immunodeficiency, inflammation, infections, cardiovascular diseases, and so on.
The human body is a harmonious system. Violations that manifest themselves in the area of one of the organs usually affect others.
Reaction to cold after dental procedures
The fact of visiting the dentist can also become the cause of hyperesthesia. Moreover, it is not at all necessary to conclude that the doctor turned out to be bad. Many classic cleansing operations require measures to involve substances that are chemically strong enough. Such drugs damage the enamel, which is then quickly restored. Hypersensitivity appears after:
- Prosthetics. Quite a long and demanding event. When it is implemented, tissues are often damaged, and such defects become the main reasons for the occurrence of unpleasant reactions to thermal changes.
- Fillings. Incisors and premolars suffer from hyperesthesia within 2-3 days from the moment the procedure is completed. If at the end of the specified period, the problem does not go away, you need to urgently go to the doctor, as there is a risk of developing a severe infection.
- Whitening. The result of such surgical intervention is always thinned and damaged enamel, unable to cope with the tasks of reliable protection of dentin. That is why experts do not recommend abusing functional lighting.
“What if the tooth reacts to cold (feels cold and hot) after a dentist appointment?” – again go to the doctor and inform him about the accompanying problems. By themselves, whitening, filling, and prosthetic processes are not capable of leading to serious consequences. However, due to individual intolerance to drugs or other third-party factors, operations are often brought to hyperesthesia. In order to prevent the further formation of pathologies, the patient should receive competent advice from the staff of the dental clinic.
Why does a dead tooth react to cold and hot?
Extraction and depopulation procedures usually completely kill all possible nerve endings. True, certain patients still suffer from the fact that already “lifeless” molars and premolars ache and cause a kind of discomfort. There are several reasons for this state of affairs:
- The response is due to healthy rows, from concomitant caries, gingivitis, periodontitis, and periodontal disease;
- The dentist who performed the removal of the nerve made one or another mistake, and now there are its “living” remnants in the canal;
- Illiterately implemented filling, poorly installed material that irritates surrounding tissues;
- Various hormonal disorders, and inflammatory processes.
In this situation, the answer to the question of what to do if the teeth are afraid of cold and hot, and their sensitivity increases, does not change. You need to go to the doctor, and not try to test your own body with a variety of self-medication methods.
How pain occurs
Experts report that almost all people suffer from various pathologies of the dental format. That is why the corresponding painful and unpleasant sensations are familiar to everyone. The etymology of such feelings is analyzed in the following order:
- The patient visits the clinic, where they clean and brighten the upper and lower rows.
- The enamel becomes thinner due to the use of powerful whitening medications.
- With strong pressure or impact, hard tissues begin to touch the nerve endings.
- It becomes difficult to drink and even breathe (if it is autumn or winter outside, and the air is, accordingly, cool).
With hypersensitivity, even a banal breath of wind turns into a strong irritant. The growing consequences of the pain syndrome are an obvious reason for consulting a specialized doctor.
Stages of development of pathology
As a rule, if the teeth start to hurt, this process does not stop by itself. Symptoms progress daily, and no folk remedies can save them. The longer a person delays the issue with high-quality and competent treatment, the more painful and unbearable the pain becomes. The disease itself develops as follows:
- The appearance of discomfort, manifests itself, for example, after eating a meal with low or high-temperature conditions.
- The formation of acute reactions to excessively sour, sweetened, or oversalted food.
- Periodic bouts of unbearable pain, coming even from an occasional draft and a breath of wind.
It is easy to guess that the only way to get rid of these problems is by a visit to the dentist. Only an experienced doctor will be able to diagnose the pathology, and then prescribe the right course of drug treatment. It is not worth trying to remove all of the listed problems on your own, because the situation can worsen from the wrong approach.
Teeth become sensitive to cold and hot: what to do and how to diagnose
In general, the regulations for the implementation of diagnostic procedures vary depending on the equipment of the clinic, the qualifications of its employees, and so on. However, there is a certain, more or less similar approach that is found almost everywhere:
- The examiner invites the patient to the dental chair and then conducts an initial, visual inspection.
- The next stage is an attempt to evoke a certain reaction. The doctor uses a jet of air or water as if pressing it on suspicious areas.
- Further work is to make a decision on the advisability of additional checks. The doctor may need, for example, panoramic or pinpoint x-rays.
- Sometimes even an x-ray does not allow you to get the most complete picture. Then narrower specialists are involved in operations.
Principles of professional treatment
As soon as the doctor has collected an anamnesis, he immediately proceeds to functional or surgical therapy. It is aimed primarily at eliminating the provoking hypersensitivity factors. Some of the most popular techniques to save a person from hyperesthesia include:
- Remineralization and fluoridation – impregnation of enamel barriers and layers with additional fluorine-containing and calcium elements;
- Iontophoresis – the introduction of a specialized medical preparation into solid tissues, carried out by using galvanic currents;
- Prosthetics and implantation – are used if the dentition is very badly damaged and it is impossible to restore them in another way.
Naturally, the operation is performed only after competent and comprehensive sanitation. The total number of appointments and consultations varies depending on how much the disease has progressed. The abnormal reaction of the teeth to cold and hot is what drives them together and hurts. It is with such negative effects that dentists are struggling.
Treatment at home tooth reacts to cold and hot
Most likely, you will not be able to get rid of hyperesthesia on your own. Self-medication makes sense only if this symptom is not caused by a particular disease. However, there are often situations when various pain sensations appear suddenly, and there is, say, another week before going to the doctor. You can remove the negative effects and slightly reduce the rate of development of inflammatory processes with the help of:
- All kinds of herbal infusions and decoctions – have good antiseptic and anti-inflammatory properties;
- Propolis – a product by which bees disinfect the cells and cells of their hives;
- Warm milk mixed with honey and butter – you need to drink it warm, with a gradual rinsing of the entire oral cavity.
The reasons why the front or back teeth ache and react to cold and hot are very different – from excessive consumption of sour, salty, and spicy foods to real diseases. However, it is impossible to get rid of such symptoms on your own – it is removed only by involving qualified medical assistance.
Choosing a toothpaste
It’s no secret that the quality and effectiveness of this cleaning composition directly affect the dental health of each person. You should pay attention to:
- Specialized paste-like and gel-like preparations, excluding all kinds of powders (they have long been unable to compete, for example, with modern gels).
- Medications that reduce sensitivity – solutions with a high content of natural analgesics and artificial anesthetics.
- Options with a high concentration of fluorine – the mentioned substance gives the enamel mechanical strength, thereby strengthening the dentin and preventing the spread of various pathologies.
If the tooth became sensitive, began to hurt, and reacts to cold and hot water, you can try changing the paste. However, in most situations, this symptom still indicates the presence of a particular disease.
Only an experienced doctor can diagnose the problem with a certain accuracy. It is these specialists who work in the dental center “Dentika”. They can easily understand the causes of hyperesthesia, as well as prescribe a course of drug treatment. It is possible that it will be possible to get rid of hypersensitivity only by surgical intervention. Remineralization, fluoridation, iontophoresis – doctors will cope with any specialized activities.
The tooth began to react strongly to the cold: what does it mean and what complications can arise
The most important progression of the pathology under consideration is the developed, intensified, and practically unrelenting pain. At some point, a person who misses time for therapy will not be able to eat, drink, rest, or speak. Incisors, canines, premolars, and molars will hum unbearably, and the gums surrounding them will swell and possibly become covered with abscesses. Even the usual cool air entering the oral cavity will bring incredible pain. Due to this state of affairs, the risk of developing diseases such as, for example, gingivitis, periodontal disease, and periodontitis will increase.
Sensitivity Prevention when Tooth Reacts To Cold and hot
“What should I do if my teeth hurt from temperature changes and come in from cold and hot?” – of course, go to the doctor. True, it is better not to take it to extremes – this will help the use of various prophylactic agents. The role of such is the rules of healthy nutrition, systematic rinsing, and the absence of coffee and alcohol in the diet. And most importantly, you need to regularly make an appointment with a competent dentist for consultations and receive recommendations on oral care.