The anatomical structure of the jaw region, which is formed as the body matures, determines the occlusal ratio of the upper and lower dentition. With the correct development of the muscles and ligaments of the dentition, they are in optimal condition, ensuring the unhindered performance of the main functions accompanied by physical activity. However, practice shows that anomalies and defects are quite common – more than 70% of people. Orthodontic correction is recommended even in cases where the deviations are insignificant and do not cause significant inconvenience, primarily due to the increased likelihood of TMJ pathologies, as well as the excessive load on certain areas that can lead to damage or premature wear of the enamel. Realizing
Occlusal closure determines the mechanics of the processes of interaction of the jaw rows. Disturbances in development lead to a distortion of the natural contours of the face, problems with diction, and discomfort during meals, and also increase the likelihood of the formation of pathological processes that affect the dental and gum tissues. Correction methods depend on the stage at which the anomaly was detected and include both therapeutic corrections using orthodontic appliances and surgical intervention recommended in especially severe cases.
What is the correct bite, and how is it formed
The process of development of the jaw section begins even before birth, and ends already in adolescence, at 15-16 years old. An important factor is the growth of teeth – it is recommended to start periodic monitoring at the dentist six months after the eruption of the first milk units. As they grow older, there is a natural change from a temporary set to a permanent one – if all units are in the correct alveolar position, the rows correspond naturally, excluding the possibility of dental problems.
In orthodontic practice, various evaluation criteria are used to determine which teeth bite is correct and how to correct existing anomalies. The ideal situation, in which nothing needs to be corrected, is characterized by the following indications:
- The semi-elliptical shape of the upper, and parabolic – the lower arc.
- A small – no more than a third – the overlap of the vestibular surface of the mandibular elements.
- Contact of antagonists at closing and absence of obvious gaps.
Compliance with all points is quite rare, but in most cases, the deviations are minimal and do not require medical intervention. Often the cause of the imbalance is not birth defects, but bad habits, some of which are formed at an early age.
Types of correct bite
By the generally accepted classification, there are four main types of occlusal ratio, characterized by the absence of problems, and which do not adversely affect the maxillary region.
Optimal, from an aesthetic point of view, is the state in which all elements of the dentition have an even shape and are located correctly, without gaps and deviations from the median line.
A common phenomenon, the main feature of which is the lack of overlap – the cutting edges of the incisors are joined along the line, which causes a specific type of smile but is not considered a pathology.
Another type of even dentition without three and diastemas, the distinguishing feature of which is a slight deviation in the vertical growth vector of units. With this development, the crowns are slightly tilted forward.
In the normal state, it is not accompanied by abnormal manifestations. An identifying feature is a slight frontal extension of the lower units.
What bite of teeth is not considered correct
The presence of deviations from the norm is at least the basis for dental diagnostics, based on the results of which a decision is made on the need for treatment. The best option is an orthodontic correction in childhood, since the dentoalveolar apparatus, which is in the formation stage, is easier to direct the action of a special machine and takes on the desired structure without surgical intervention. The most commonly diagnosed abnormal forms have certain signs that make it possible to understand whether a person has a correct bite or not, what goes wrong, and how this deviation can affect the further development of the jaw:
- Distal – diagnosed with excessive development of the upper jaw, noticeably protruding forward, and distorting facial features.
- Mesial – the opposite pathological condition, in which the mandibular row protrudes, almost completely covering the incisors and canines.
- Cross – characterized by the presence of free areas between the teeth, as well as the “scissor” intersection of the elements in random order.
- Deep – significant, more than 30%, overlap of the lower section.
- Open contact during closing is observed only between individual chewing units, while there are pronounced gaps in the incisal region, giving the impression of a constantly ajar mouth.
Any pathological manifestation requires timely medical intervention. Not all patients know what a correct bite is in a person, and why it is needed – but this indicator affects the quality of respiratory and speech functions, and provides conditions for normal food processing and the functioning of the gastrointestinal tract. Turning to Dentika dentistry, you can undergo a comprehensive diagnosis, get recommendations from qualified specialists, and, if necessary, resort to orthodontic correction services.
Treatment for missing teeth
The specificity of the anatomical structure of the jaw apparatus lies in the fact that even complete dementia does not guarantee the formation of the correct occlusion after implantation. The result of prosthetics is largely determined by the degree of development of defects and anomalies that formed even before the loss or removal of elements. If the ratio of the rows was within the acceptable range, it is enough for the doctor to take into account the necessary adjustments when developing a replacement structure, however, the presence of problems with bone tissue will require the use of more complex restoration techniques.
How to check and find out if the bite is correct when making a jaw prosthesis without teeth? For this, special wax rollers are used and placed in the oral cavity. Measuring instruments are an arc ruler and an intraoral plate. After collecting the necessary readings, a plaster prototype is first created, and then the final design.
Consequences of wisdom tooth extraction
For the human body, the G8s are an atavism, that is, an element in the presence of which there is no need. They do not participate in occlusal closure and, when properly grown and developed, do not harm adjacent units. The absence of anomalies is considered an indication of preservation, however, in situations where orthodontic correction is planned already at an older age, these initially “extra” crowns can be of some benefit. The extraction of the wisdom teeth located last in the jaw row allows you to free up additional free space, due to which the rest can take a natural alveolar position.
How to determine a good bite yourself
Deviations in the formation and development are noticeable almost immediately since they affect both the position of the jaw and the contours of the face. People suffering from such pathological conditions have more difficulty in intelligible speech and eating – however, this only manifests itself if the defects are pronounced. Most anomalies diagnosed in the clinical setting are usually perceived by patients as “within the normal range”, that is, they are acceptable until they begin to cause tangible discomfort.
Importance for a person
You need to understand what proper bite means for health. The set of characteristics and medical parameters that are affected by occlusal closure is quite extensive and is not limited to the aesthetics of a smile. Even one deviation, imperceptible at first glance, can be the primary source of many related pathologies that require more serious treatment.
Among the consequences of violation of the natural cycle of development of the jaw section include:
- An increase in the load on the elements of the dentition, leads to premature wear, weakening of the alveolar ligaments, periodontal disease, and dementia at an early age.
- Increasing the sensitivity of gum tissue, which becomes susceptible to temperature changes. With prolonged negative influence, the formation of ulcerative and inflamed areas is likely, provoking pain.
- TMJ pathologies. The temporomandibular joint is one of the busiest in the human body, and additional stress can cause functional failure. The initial symptoms are systematic pain in the neck and neck, clicks during jaw movements, persistent tinnitus, and the development of bruxism.
- Disorders of the gastrointestinal tract. Poorly chewed food that enters the stomach requires great effort in digestion, which causes not only discomfort but also probable diseases.
- Psychological consequences. Understanding what a normal and correct bite of teeth should be like in adults is also an awareness of the discrepancy between one’s appearance and generally accepted standards, forcing the patient to be shy and worry about the opinions of others. As a result – the development of complexes and a decrease in self-esteem.
To avoid such negative manifestations allows timely treatment at the dental clinic. It is important to remember that, despite the recommendations for treatment even in childhood, the situation can be corrected much later – modern correction technologies make it possible to achieve the desired result, subject to medical prescriptions.
How to get the perfect bite – methods, and tools
Before proceeding with the restoration of the aesthetics and functionality of the jaw section, it is necessary to assess the condition of the oral cavity, identify existing defects, and determine the optimal treatment plan. The solutions used in orthodontics include the following methods:
- Installation of braces. Mechanical structures fixed on the surface of the elements of the dentition (both from the frontal and lingual sides) are today made of various materials and differ in functional characteristics. Modern models of braces very vaguely resemble the bulky metal units of the last century, which were painful, uncomfortable, and even a little embarrassing to wear. Aesthetic and neat, the products exert directed pressure on the problematic elements of the dentition due to the power arc fixed in the grooves and re-program the jaw muscles to maintain the correct occlusal ratio.
- Wearing caps and aligners. Sets of removable pads that repeat the anatomical structure of the jaw with minor medical adjustments are made of elastic polymers or silicone. The principle of correction is similar to braces, but the advantage of this option is the ability to independently remove and re-fix the device at any time.
- Surgery. A radical technique that allows you to eliminate all existing defects, but at the same time associated with an extensive list of medical contraindications, as well as long-term rehabilitation. It is recommended in extreme cases – in the presence of complex congenital anomalies that are not amenable to conventional correction.
It is worth noting that modern methods of correcting occlusion are safe for health, although they cause slight discomfort in the early stages. The result achieved as a result of the treatment justifies the effort, as an attractive and healthy smile stays with you for many years.
The Impact of Malocclusion on Your Oral & Overall Health
The perfect bite for kids
Compliance with medical recommendations in childhood avoids correction in adulthood. In infancy, one of the key factors determining the formation of dentition is breastfeeding, which contributes to the proper development of the jaws. It is advisable to stop bad habits that appear in a child, as well as pay attention to the respiratory cycle – mouth breathing is considered a sign of ENT pathologies. It is recommended to be observed by the dentist from the moment of the complete eruption of milk teeth – it is enough to undergo a scheduled examination every six months to identify possible anomalies in time.
The perfect bite for adults
When the jaw section is formed incorrectly, only treatment remains. The list of options offered to normalize the ratio of dentition includes the already mentioned hardware and surgical operations. Wearing braces and caps at an older age provides for a longer duration, which in some cases reaches one and a half to two years.
The cost of orthodontic correction
The costs associated with the correction of anomalies and defects in the jaw region are made up of several factors. The final price is affected by the complexity of the pathology, the chosen technique, and the type, and material of manufacture of corrective products. To calculate the exact amount, it is necessary to undergo a comprehensive diagnosis, which allows you to draw up a preliminary treatment plan.
Restoring aesthetics and functionality is an important factor that should be given increased attention. Even if you have read textbooks on dentistry or searched the Internet for diagrams and pictures showing which bite of a person’s teeth is correct, it is almost impossible to make a diagnosis on your own. Contact the specialists of Dentika dental clinics to sign up for an initial examination and exclude the possibility of developing pathologies.