Veneers for teeth are linings that the dentist fixes on the outside of the tooth to hide its defects (yellowness, curvature, stains). They not only mask imperfections, but also protect the crown from acids, hot/cold products, and abrasive substances. Today we will tell you what types of veneers for teeth are offered by dentistry, what it is, and consider the photo.

Types of Veneers

How to navigate the names

When choosing records, first of all, look at:

  • Material – ceramics, zirconium, plastic, composite;
  • Thickness – the method of preparing a dental unit depends on it, the thinner the model, the less turning;
  • Manufacturer – give preference to a well-known brand whose products are reliable, safe, and time-tested.

In most cases, linings are placed in the smile zone – on incisors, canines, and premolars. But they can also be fixed on molars. If the tooth is severely damaged, the standard option is not suitable. In this case, the product is installed at 180 ° or 360 °, covering the crown from all sides.

What is a classic veneer?

This is the name of the plates, which are fixed only in front. To attach them, grind the tooth, removing the enamel and part of the dentin (hard tissue). This is explained by the fact that:

The structure of the enamel prevents high-quality adhesion, so it must be removed.
Dentin must be prepared if the thickness of the plate is greater than 0.5 mm. Otherwise, the bite will be disturbed, the shape of the face will change, and the patient will feel discomfort.
When you do not want to sharpen your incisors, canines, and molars, take lumineers. To fix them, only the enamel is removed.

What types of dental veneers are there, what are they made of and why do they have different prices

Dental overlays are classified based on the following parameters:

  • Installation Method – There are 2 ways. The first is direct when the element is created in the mouth, and the procedure resembles a filling. The second is indirect if the model is made in a dental laboratory, having previously taken an impression.
  • What are they made of? The most popular options are composite, ceramic, zirconium, and plastic.
  • Thickness – classic or ultra-thin.

The price for the same material may vary. It depends on the brand, manufacturing technology, and the quality of additional elements for fixing the plates, which are used during production.

Composite products

If there is no money for ceramics, put a pad of filling material. Create it right in the patient’s mouth. The dentist grinds the crown, then applies the mixture in layers, fixing each layer with ultraviolet light.

Material of manufacture and service life

Composite veneers are the simplest type of dental veneers. To create them, a light-polymer seal is used, which hardens under the influence of ultraviolet radiation. The item is purely decorative. If you chew on an apple, the filling will break and fall off. The average service life is 3-5 years.

If you want to give the plate strength, the only can be made in the dental laboratory after taking the impression. The model is polymerized in special ovens, which allows for an increase in service life.

How much do light polymer pads cost

The advantage of such veneers for teeth is their low cost since ordinary filling material is used for manufacturing. The higher the quality, the more expensive the product. The price starts from 7 thousand rubles for 1 piece.

Indications and contraindications for installation

Composites are placed mainly on incisors, canines, and premolars in the following situations:

  • After caries treatment, during which a significant part of the dentin had to be removed;
  • When blackening the enamel, masking its other problems;
  • Chips;
  • Diastema (the gap between incisors).

types of veneers and cost

Photopolymer overlays are not placed if it is necessary to hide several dental units in a row, since the filling will quickly break. In addition, before proceeding with the procedure, you must:

  • cure all caries and inflammatory processes;
  • Do a hygienic cleaning to remove plaque and calculus.

Advantages and disadvantages of composite overlays

An important plus of the product is that it does not require preliminary preparation if the direct fixation method is chosen. The procedure lasts no longer than the installation of a seal, you do not need to go to the doctor again.

The main disadvantage of the photopolymer is its short service life. Over time, it loses its whiteness, turns yellow, and darkens. The model is very easy to damage if you accidentally bite off solid food. Another disadvantage is that due to the lack of a normal chewing load, the bone tissue atrophies, which will complicate the installation of the implant in the future.

Ceramic onlays

Talking about what types of veneers for teeth in dentistry exist, looking at the photo, one cannot fail to mention ceramics. Durable models are made from it, which are distinguished by transparency, whiteness, and stable color. Products are made in a dental laboratory.

Feldspar ceramic (porcelain) veneers

Overlays are indistinguishable from natural ones, as they perfectly copy the tone of the enamel and its translucency. Models are very thin (0.6-11 mm) and comfortable to wear. They are made in two ways:

  • Method of layer-by-layer application of porcelain;
  • Pressing is a more durable option.

IPS Emax glass-ceramic overlays

For clients who are interested in what dental veneers are made of, Ivoclar Vivadent developers answer lithium disilicate material. Plates are made in two ways:

  • Emax PRESS – use the pressing method, which allows you to get a heavy-duty product with a thickness of 0.4 mm.
  • E.max CAD – made in the form of blocks for milling on a special machine using CEREC software control (CAD / CAM technology). The option is less durable, the thickness of the lining is 0.6 mm.

Material of manufacture and service life

There are several types of porcelain veneers. They are made from:

  • Polycrystalline alumina;
  • Silicon oxide.

These elements make up the clay from which the cups are made, but using a different technology. Dentists of our clinic use high-quality material. The plates will last a lifetime if you treat them with care and follow the rules of operation.

How much do porcelain veneers cost?

The price of lining in the clinic “Dentika” depends on the type of ceramics and the manufacturer. The most expensive option – Emax PRESS, starts from 34,500 thousand rubles for 1 piece. Porcelain will cost less, but the tooth will have to be turned more.

Included in the price:

  • Anesthesia;
  • Wax modeling Wax-up;
  • Production of a temporary element;
  • Creation and fixation of the product;
  • Guarantee.

Indications and contraindications for installation

If you dream of a “Hollywood smile”, ceramics is your option. Pads are placed on both the front and rear units. They are indispensable if the color of the teeth is yellow or brown, and even professional whitening at the dentist cannot remove stains.

Ceramics, like other types of veneers, are not installed if it is necessary to disguise a missing unit: products cannot be fixed. In this case, crowns are recommended. Temporary contraindication – malocclusion. First, the dentition must be aligned.

Products are not placed with bruxism (grinding of teeth in a dream). Involuntary movements can break them ahead of time.

Advantages and disadvantages of ceramic veneers

The models that you put in our clinic will last a long time. They mask defects well, are durable, and the tone is indistinguishable from the natural color of the dentition.

The Pros and Cons of Installing Veneers on Teeth: Is it Worth it?

Doctors do not recommend ceramics to a person with bad habits that can spoil it (nibbling seeds, opening lids with teeth). If the patient still wants to put them on, you will have to get rid of such hobbies.

veneers Advantages and disadvantages

Zirconium veneers

If you play sports, zirconium overlays are your option. They have increased strength, so you can not be afraid of an accidental blow to the jaw. The only negative is that the products do not have the necessary transparency; in terms of aesthetics, they are inferior to ceramics.

What is needed for manufacturing, service life

What materials are used to make the best veneers in terms of durability? They are made from blocks of zirconium dioxide:

  • Raw soft ZrO2 – withstands super-strong impacts, but the milky white color is striking;
  • With the addition of yttrium – it is less durable, but it is translucent and looks beautiful.

How much does it cost to install

The price depends on the material and the complexity of the case and starts from 25 thousand rubles for 1 piece. The price includes a consultation with a dentist, x-rays, making a cast, temporary/permanent veneers, and so on.

Indications and contraindications for installation

If you are engaged in boxing, or other types of wrestling, put protection from soft raw zirconia. If you need durable products, but aesthetics are also important, take the addition of yttrium. Other indications and contraindications differ little from the recommendations for ceramic plates.

Advantages and disadvantages of zirconium overlays

ZrO2 plates are able to withstand impact. However, remember that this is not a crown, so the chewing load is not created.

When thinking about which dental veneers are best to put, consider the disadvantages of zirconium:

  • Less aesthetic appearance than ceramics;
  • The need to deeply grind the living crown.

Dental Lumineers

If your teeth are absolutely healthy and you do not want to prepare them too much, choose linings that are created using Lumineers technology. They do not require any dentine grinding to be placed, so they can be easily removed and replaced without damaging the hard tissue.

Material for manufacturing and service life

What are veneers made of? Lumineers are made from porcelain with leucite crystals. The exact composition of the company keeps a secret. These are very thin products, the thickness of which does not exceed 0.2-0.3 mm. Subject to the rules of operation, the model will last more than 20 years.

How much does it cost to install

Records are expensive because they are made only in the laboratory of the American company Cerinate, which invented and patented the technology. They are not offered in every clinic. The average price is 36 thousand rubles apiece.

Indications and contraindications for installation

Lumineers are recommended if you want to mask the defects of healthy teeth, and it is a pity to sharpen them too much. With their help, you can create the famous “Hollywood smile”. Before you do this, remember: the enamel layer will still be removed and you won’t be able to remove the products just like that. They will have to be replaced with other veneers.

Onlays are slightly transparent, so they are not recommended for teeth with intense staining – spotty, tetracycline, and so on.

Advantages and disadvantages

Advantages of Lumineers:

  • No need to grind dentin;
  • The plates are thin and inconspicuous;
  • Create the effect of a “Hollywood smile”.

Minus – high price, long production time. With their help, crowns with spots, strong yellowness, and significant damage cannot be well masked.

Dental trainers

If you are looking for an analog of Cerinate, you are collecting information about which dental veneers are the best, pay attention to the Russian product. Ultra-thin overlays are much thinner than the classic version (0.3-0.5 mm) and are only slightly inferior to models from California.

Material of manufacture and service life

Ultranirs are made from heavy-duty IPS Emax ceramics. Models can be worn for 20 years, and with careful handling can stand for life.

How much does it cost to install

The price of thin plates is 20-25 thousand rubles per piece. It includes preparation, processing, making an impression, and other procedures.

Indications and contraindications for installation

Ultra-thin onlays are recommended if you want to hide minor dental defects. They are not placed when the crown is severely destroyed or dark dentin.

Advantages and disadvantages

Unlike American analogs, ultrasonics are made quickly, within 1-2 weeks, and are much cheaper. Their installation does not require grinding of dentin, if necessary, they can be replaced without damaging the hard tissue.

Of the minuses – you need to eat carefully, and refuse solid foods. Serious defects of the model are not hidden. If you have large chips or stains on the enamel, it is better to put the classic version.

Plastic veneers

Dental nanometers

This is the name of the development of Swiss dentists, who added nanoparticles to ceramics, which give strength to the product. This allows the plate to be made very thin and placed without any dentine preparation. After fixation, the overlay is polished and adjusted to fit the tooth.

Material and service life

The plates are made of ceramic with the addition of very small particles. What exactly – depends on the manufacturer of the product. The service life of products with care is 15-20 years.

How much does it cost to install

Nanonirs are not particularly popular, it is problematic to find a clinic where they are put. The price starts from 35 thousand apiece.

Indications and contraindications for installation

Models recommend putting it if you want to improve the aesthetics of your smile and there are no serious defects. In other cases, put the classic model.

Advantages and disadvantages

Nanoneers are durable, look beautiful, and can be fixed in one go. The main disadvantage is that the product is not yet popular, so it is difficult to find it.

Plastic veneers

Products are recommended to be placed temporarily while a more expensive ceramic or zirconium model is being made. As permanent they are not suitable:

  • Break quickly;
  • The color is white, and there is no transparency, but because of this they look unnatural;
  • Over time, the material reacts with acids, which leads to the formation of toxic substances and allergies.

If you really want to use this procedure, but there is no money for ceramic products, put in a composite or take an installment plan.

Alternatives to veneers

When you just need to disguise a chip and are not needed in a “Hollywood smile”, pay attention to the tabs. This is the name of miniature prostheses, which are a cross between a filling, a crown, and a veneer.

A model that is made in a dental laboratory is used to restore the anatomical shape of a damaged crown. Put tabs on both the outside and the inside. For fixation, it is not necessary to grind the dentin and remove the enamel.

To summarize: how to choose veneers for teeth

Once you’ve decided to put on linings, there’s no turning back. It will no longer be possible to take them off and continue walking as if nothing had happened. When installing any product, even ultra-thin lumineers, turning of incisors, canines, and premolars are necessary.

It is very important that the plates are placed by an experienced doctor. If the product falls off, call the dentist immediately. The absence of a lining will be conspicuous, and bacteria will quickly attach to unprotected dentin enamel and provoke caries.

Which veneers are better to choose depends on financial capabilities and the current situation:

  • If there is no money, but you don’t want to get a loan, choose a composite.
  • Zirconium is more suitable for athletes.
  • If you dream of a snow-white smile, then it is better to buy ceramics.
  • Plastic can be installed only temporarily (for a couple of weeks). It is short-lived, toxic, causes allergies, and breaks down quickly.